The tattoo began as religious or spiritual acts, to identify social classes of a tribe in rituals of initiation and fertility, to strengthen the warriors, as talismans. Over time those body marks was discovered by the Western world through the travels to the southern seas by Captain Cook, and made trips to Asia and South America and other sailors have quite different meanings in Western culture.
James Cook gave us to know the "tattau", which is the name Tahitians gave those marks, where the current name "tattoo" comes. The following skippers and crew members were bringing to Europe this practice, which became more and more popular in certain social classes.
At the end of nineteenth century, Western travelers, were fascinated by the colourful illustrations carrying the Japanese in their bodies, the natives called him "Horimono" bring them also to the Western world.
There was a time where the tattoo almost forgot or hate it for the society, as it was a matter of marking on prisoners and criminals, pirates or sentenced to death.
In the twentieth century, in the ports of San Diego, Singapore, Hong Kong, Liverpool, Honolulu, Yokohama, Hamburg and Copenhagen, was when they started to birth centres and "academies" of tattooists in the 50īs and 60īs. From these years, again began to become popular tattoos, prisons, street gangs or motorists, it must be until not so long ago, tattoos do not enjoy very good reputation.
Nowadays increasingly are more people in the world are tattooed, either for a very special occasion or just by the fact illustrate his body and fortunately, the bad myths of tattoos losing, and now the tattoo is a type of decorative arts body that has considerable influence in society, leaving the artists of the skin, have more canvas to work.
The "piercing" in our society today can be defined as a fad, but the origin comes from many ancient tribes from around the world, who used as traditions, in some cases of a esthetic form, in others mystical, religious and superstitious. The perforations of the ear lobes are part of our culture for many years, when we born, to the girls make piercinigs in the lobes to distinguish of the boys, and this type of piercings ceased to be part of a trend to become a tradition, which, fortunately, today does not discriminate, anyone can wear with pride their piece of jewelry, and best of all is, that now we are the ones who decided get piercings or not. These are not perforations that our parents make us without our consent, we desire them.
There are many tribes where they do is practice, and to us as we pierced the earlobes, by tradition, every culture are the practice in a different way, for example, the Mursi of Ethiopia is cut lip with a knife when they are 10 years old, and plug this cut with a disc or plug, which is then exchanged for a plate of clay, the weight is delaying the drilling and should be changing by a larger pan to reach more than 25 cm. They theorize that these dishes clog the nostrils or mouth, prevents evil spirits from entering your body.
So, are made in different tribes as The Botocudos, which are the oldest inhabitants of Brazil, Txukameis or Nambicuaros Brazilians also .
In New Guinea, The Tifalmins used bones of wild boar and cockatoo feathers for their holes, they believe that the bones of wild boar are very powerful. The are also Kukukukus which tend to pierce one ear lobe and put earrings made of bones and skins. Another tribe of New Guinea are Warriors Pull, which put a piece of wood over 30 cm in length through the nose.
In Peru, the Indians of high rank, also pierced ears, and heavy guns were placed to widen the hole.
The Eskimos of the Mackenzie River west made an opening on each cheek and gradually widen it to place an ornament of stone like a button.
In India, the Apa-Tanis, discs are in the nose, and when they reach puberty tattoo their chin, forehead and women.
In most of these tribes were pierced with claws of animals, tree chips, kebabs urchins or fish bones.
Today, the piercing process is to pierce the skin with a special needle and then enter the jewel that you want to wear, the pain is minimal due to the help of a clamp which is responsible for cauterizing the area, there is no risk contagious as long as the needles are single-use, the clamps are sterilized in an autoclave and the practice is carried out using disposable latex gloves.